One of the questions I get asked most frequently by musicians and budding sound engineers is related to the kind of microphones that would be best for their studio or gigs.
The kind of microphones you choose
will depend on 3 main factors...
Fortunately, you have entered the business at a time when good quality microphones are abundant and are available at much lower cost than in previous decades.
So let's look at the first factor...
Some microphones are considered all purpose. If your budget is low, you would be better off buying one mid-priced all purpose mic, than 2 or 3 cheap mics.
OF SOUNDS DO YOU WANT TO RECORD?
What kind of sounds are they?
There are mics that are specifically tuned to give better results for certain frequency ranges, such a s bass mics, or vocal mics.
As a general guide, Dynamic mics are best suited to loud sounds and live concert applications. Condenser mics are best suited to more detailed sounds and studio applications.
In a concert situation with on-stage monitors, you will get a louder response and less feedback with a good cardiod mic such as a Shure SM58. Cheaper mics may sound similar, but you won't get the volume in your monitors. Cheaper mics are also less robust and can suffer considerable damage if dropped, or carelessly handled in transit.
Most of these manufacturers produce a wide range of products to suit most budgets and applications. Your own preference will eventually tell you which mics, and from which manufacturers, are best suited to your uses.
For specific uses, my personal favourites are as follows...
Vocal: Live - Shure SM58, Electrovoice
Bass - Usually I use just a Direct Input for Bass. However, if you have a bass amp with a specific sound, go for a bass mic such as an AKG D112, or Beyer Opus 99.
Guitars: Heavy rock sound - AKG
Piano: Stereo pair of condenser mics.
Brass: Shure SM57 (Saxes), AKG D190 (Trumpets), Beyer M69 (Trombones, Baritones), Beyer Opus 99 (Tubas).
Drums: Bass Drum: AKG D112.
Your own Record Deal Guaranteed!
just ASK for a record deal - Demand one!